Researchers in Crimea have unearthed a 2,000-year-old elongated skull

A deformed ‘alien’ skull has been unearthed by archaeologists in Crimea.

Researchers in Crimea have unearthed the remains of a child with an extremely elongated skull during excavations at the Kiz-Blue necropolis near Kerch, Crimea.

At the time of his death, the child was little more than a year old and is believed to have belonged to the old Sarmatian village. Experts believe the child had undergone the ancient practice of cranial deformation,  who also believe the remains of the child are around 2,000 years old.

‘Elongated skulls were traditional for the Sarmatian culture,’ he said, according to Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper. ‘They thought this was more beautiful.’

Interesting, Russian state media reported how researchers supporting the ancient alien theory believe how owners of such extremely lengthened skulls may have been human-extraterrestrial hybrids.

However, archaeologists disagree with the ancient astronaut theory saying that

‘Elongated skulls were traditional for the Sarmatian culture,’ said Nikolay Sudarev, a scientist from the Archaeology Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, according to Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper. ‘They thought this was more beautiful.’

It is believed how artificially elongated skulls were the signs of a true warrior and that this deformation process was practiced by various ancient civilizations around the globe.

However, experts have yet to identify why so many ancient cultures performed artificial cranial deformation.

Artificial cranial deformation begins when children are still young, and their bones relatively ‘soft’. Elders would adhere specially made wooden plans to the skull, pressing the bones in a specific way that as the head of the child grows, it alters its original shape, creating an elongated skull.

These deformations are believed to have also been related to altering the character and producing extremely aggressive warriors.

Elongated skulls are a global phenomenon.

The most amazing elongated skulls are believed to have been discovered in Peru when in 1928 Peruvian archaeologist, Julio Tello came across a complex and sophisticated graveyard containing various objects including countless elongated skulls which have since been dubbed as the Paracas skulls.

Several tests have been performed on the enigmatic Paracas skulls with controversial results.

As noted by Brien Foerster, “Iit had mtDNA with mutations unknown in any human, primate or animal known so far.”

“The few fragments I was able to sequence from this sample 3A indicate that if these mutations will hold we are dealing with a new human-like creature, very distant from Homo sapiens, Neanderthals, and Denisovans. I am not sure it will even fit into the known evolutionary tree,” explained Foerster in a video.

The Paracas skulls have baffled experts ever since their discovery. According to research, the cranial volume of the “Paracas Skulls” is up to 25% larger and 60% heavier than conventional human skulls, prompting numerous questions about their true nature.

So far experts have found traces of elongated skulls all around the planet: Mexico, Peru, Bolivia, Egypt and even parts of Asia features these enigmatic skulls which have left experts scratching their head.

The Wrath of the Awakened Saxon by Rudyard Kipling

It was not part of their blood,
It came to them very late,
With long arrears to make good,
When the Saxon began to hate.

They were not easily moved,
They were icy — willing to wait
Till every count should be proved,
Ere the Saxon began to hate.

Their voices were even and low.
Their eyes were level and straight.
There was neither sign nor show
When the Saxon began to hate.

It was not preached to the crowd.
It was not taught by the state.
No man spoke it aloud
When the Saxon began to hate.

It was not suddently bred.
It will not swiftly abate.
Through the chilled years ahead,
When Time shall count from the date
That the Saxon began to hate.

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Teenage rape victim raped again by driver she flagged down for help

The first attack happened near Birmingham's Witton railway station

A double manhunt is now under way to find the attackers, both described as Asian men in their early 20s.

Police said the first attack happened this week in an isolated part of Birmingham’s Witton railway station, between 7pm on Tuesday and 2am on Wednesday.

The girl had walked to the station with her friend before being led away by a man who then raped her.

She left the station shortly after the attack and flagged down a passing vehicle to ask for help.

She was then raped again after getting into the second man’s car.

Detectives from British Transport Police and West Midlands Police have launched a major investigation to try to identify both attackers and appeal for witnesses.

The first attacker is described as having light skin, brown eyes, a skinny build and is about 6ft tall.

He was wearing a tracksuit and black trainers.

The second attacker is described as being around 5ft 7in, of large build with a close-cropped beard, wearing a blue jumper and black jeans.

Detective Chief Inspector Tony Fitzpatrick said: “My detectives are currently examining all available CCTV in an effort to identify the offenders and whilst these enquiries are made, we are keen to speak with any potential witnesses.

“Your information could prove vital in our enquiries to identify the perpetrators.”

:: Anyone with information is asked to get in touch by sending a text to 61016 or by calling 0800 405040 quoting reference 65 of 26/07/2017.

Alternatively, people can contact Crimestoppers anonymously on 0800 555111.

Drinking and Eating From Copper Can Do This Amazing Things To Your Body, as From Ancient Egyptians Secrets.

When it comes to dishware, almost everyone has a favorite go-to look. You might be hard-pressed to find a connection between your dishware and your health, but trust us, it’s there. More specifically, it’s in the material; people have suspected for millennia that there’s something special about cups crafted from copper. Since ancient Egyptian times, people have worn copper jewelry against their skin, and stored water in copper jars, citing extensive medical benefits. Today, science shores up those claims, with many scholarly studies confirming that copper is a “contact killer” for many harmful materials. While too much copper is bad for the body, you can still harness its benefits at home with ease, by taking up the ancient Vedic practice of drinking out of a copper cup or vessel, no more than four times a week. It’s a simple lifestyle change that can make a major difference in your health!

In addition to being used for jewelry and tools, copper has a long history of being used for its medicinal properties. Both ancient Egyptians and the Vedic people of India used copper vessels to store large amounts of water — as it was noticed these vessels kept water fresh, and thus was safer to drink.

Today, that observation is backed by science, and — though copper is a heavy metal not safe to consume in large quantities — small amounts of the metal may have remarkable effects on overall physical health. So grab your favorite copper mug (buy here) and learn how drinking from this special metal could benefit your health!

We all know how frustrating it can be to feel slow and sluggish. The key to speeding up your brain on a slow day may lie in adding copper to your system. Copper as a micronutrient is known to stimulate your body to restore and produce myelin sheaths, which are a key part of the nervous system in the brain, and allow synapses to jump from point A to point B. Essentially, improving the health of your myelin sheaths with copper will make it easier for those synapses to fire lightning-fast.

There’s long been a rumor that consuming copper or wearing it against your skin is an effective treatment against joint pain, especially if the copper oxidizes and turns green, turning the skin around it green as well. This particular treatment may be more folktale than actual remedy, but the theory is that the copper can help promote the growth of lost cartilage, which can relieve some pain associated with arthritis and other joint pain. While the scientific community is dubious, many longtime practitioners swear by copper for sore and swollen joints.

Consuming small amounts of copper may help your body to digest more efficiently, because copper may stimulate the contraction of digestive muscles that helps move waste through the intestines, toward elimination. It also kills bacteria, which can be helpful for eliminating dangerous microorganisms that cause stomach unrest. That said, copper consumption should be limited to prevent it from damaging your “good” gut bacteria.

Copper is one of many trace nutrients that the body needs to perform daily functions. Specifically, thyroid disorders such as hypo- or hyperthyroidism are often associated with copper deficiency in the system. The illness are associated with major weight changes, hormonal fluctuations, and mood changeability, so supplementing your copper intake may help the body to balance its thyroid function and restore order.

Copper intake isn’t a catchall solution for all cardiovascular problems, but it has been demonstrated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture that copper may improve heart and vascular health when taken as a supplement. While copper is by no means a replacement for a healthy lifestyle and physician-prescribed medication, supplementary copper may help to reduce arterial plaque and open up blood vessels, helping to prevent or improve blockages.

As a micronutrient, copper is a major component in producing melanin, which is a core part of hair health. Copper may be especially beneficial to restoring thinning hair. It may also help for regrowing hair after chemotherapy, because it enlarges the hair follicles and reduces the time it takes for hair to grow and add length. They may also naturally slow graying by increasing melanin in the hair.

While it’s not necessarily known that copper is beneficial for the liver and spleen, it’s an old piece of Vedic wisdom that it’s healthy for the liver, spleen, and lymphatic system. This may only be true in case of copper deficiency, since the liver is responsible for filtering out excess copper and other metals in the blood.

The same melanin production that’s so beneficial to your hair is also extremely beneficial to your skin. Copper peptides can help promote healthy skin cells production and smoothness, and are especially good for healing damaged or dry skin. They also promote collagen production, which improves skin elasticity and health.

The Baltic Sea Anomaly – (Crashed Spacecraft)

The Baltic Sea anomaly is a 60-metre (200 ft) diameter circular rock formation on the floor of the northern Baltic Sea, at the center of the Bothnian Sea, discovered by Peter Lindberg, Dennis Åsberg and their Swedish “Ocean X” diving team in June 2011. The team reported that the formation rests on a pillar and includes a structure similar in appearance to a staircase, leading to a dark hole.

Commentators have suggested that the structure could be a World War II anti-submarine device, a battleship gun turret, sediment dropped by a fishing trawler, or a flying saucer.

Experts provide “Scientific Evidence” that Alien mummies found in Peru are REAL

A UFOlogist, author, and paranormal researcher argues that he has discovered the remains of beings not from Earth near the famous Nazca lines in Peru—proving how aliens once lived on Earth among humans. A Russian scientist from the National Research University in St. Petersburg who participated in the ‘study’ says: “Obviously, this is not a fake…”

One of the most famous paranormal journalists and UFOlogists in America—Jaime Maussan—aruges that five mummified bodies discovered in the last couple of months are alien in nature and seem to be “closer to reptiles than humans.”

Speaking in an interview with RT Español, the Ufologist said: “We confirmed with scientific evidence the existence of beings from another world,” “Before it was a possibility, now it is a reality,” he added when speaking about the existence of aliens on Earth.

Furthermore, Maussan believes that the mummified remains suggest how extraterrestrial beings once coexisted with humans on Earth.

“[These] mummies were buried in human tombs, in sacred places,” said Maussan. “This means that they had co-existed with our ancestors, were not enemies and had, to a certain extent, a degree of respect between both races or cultures.”

The alleged mummified “Alien” remains are believed to date back around 1,700 years and measure around 170 centimeters, have three fingers and an extremely elongated skull.

However, despite Maussan’s efforts to ‘scientifically’ back his statements, the Mexican has been heavily criticized for presenting “questionable” evidence that extraterrestrial beings visited Earth.

Furthermore, The World Congress on Mummy Studies was once cited as calling Maussan’s research and work “an irresponsible organized campaign of disinformation.”

“Anything associated with Jaime Maussan, a serial promoter of fake alien evidence, is suspect,” it added.

However, when asked about the veracity of the discovery, and whether or not it was just disinformation, Jaime Maussan responded: “Nobody has proven that it is a fraud. We are going to present preliminary evidence that will determine in the vision of the media, in the collective vision of the popular consciousness, the validity that it has. And if in some way it is considered that there is doubt and that this can be real, the obligation of the Peruvians first and the whole world is to preserve these bodies to find a true answer.”

The findings are exciting for many but questionable to even more. At this point, one can only conclude that the “Extraterrestrial” origin of the mummies is only a theory. Russian researcher Professor Konstantin Korotkov with the National Research University in St. Petersburg who was part of the discovery does not agree entirely that the discovered remains were Alien in nature.

Other researchers had much to say.

“Obviously, this is not a fake; it could be a mutation or another kind of creature that is fundamentally different from us. This is the main issue that we can’t answer yet,” the expert concluded.

However, there are several other theories that may explain the odd characteristics of the mummified bodies. One expert believes the mummified remains may belong to a long-lost human ancestor.

The mummies can “belong to one of the groups of humanoids that inhabited our planet thousands of years ago and then disappeared from the earth due to certain natural processes.”

The most important thing to do at this state is to “compare the genes of the mummy with the genes of different people.”

“After that, it will become clear whether it is a Cro-Magnon, namely, a mutation of our species, or it’s another kind of creature. At the moment, we can’t draw deeper conclusions,” Korotkov said.

Nephilim History

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IN THE BEGINNING (500,000,000 BC)

When the world was young, it was bathed in magical the fields (Ka) of Solar, Fire, Earth, Air, Water, and Spirit. The creatures that roamed the earth possessed either Solar Ka, or some combination of the others. All creatures had a physical form, except for the Ka’im. They were creatures that were made entirely of the Fire, Earth, Air, Water, and Spirit Ka, who were born when the five elements surged in a nexus. They had no physical form, and existed in a reduced state of consciousness, floating about the earth like dreaming ghosts.

What separated the Solar Ka creatures from the others was their ability to evolve. While creatures of the other elements rose up and died out, the solar species lived on, adapting to their new environments, evolving into new forms and becoming more and more advanced.


Eventually, the first sentient races emerged from the reptilian lines. These beings banded together to form the Saurian empire. It is believed that they achieved an advanced level of technology. These great dinosaurs also began the first studies of elemental magic, especially involving the Spirit Ka. They understood that the light side of the moon was the source of this energy, and began to study a way to draw energy from the dark side of the moon, which was called Dark Ka.

THE AWAKENING (2,000,000 BC)

The great Saurian sorcerer Mu created a ritual that successfully drew the Dark Ka down from the moon. The power of the Saurians grew immensely, but the ritual had an unexpected side affect. The Ka’im were awakened. Their consciousness was raised to a sentient level. Having the power of the elemental Ka, the Ka’im created physical bodies out of the raw elements, allowing them to interact with the physical world.

It did not take long for the Ka’im to realize that the channeling of the Dark Ka made the other elemental fields unstable. The Saurians refused to cease drawing the Dark Ka, and soon open war began. The war’s outcome was decided when the Ka’im were able to create a counter ritual that stopped the flow of Dark Ka. While the ritual succeeded in reducing Dark Ka to a residual form, it also damaged the Spirit Ka field, so that it surges and manifests less often then the other four elemental Ka.

The fate of the Saurians is unknown. Some Ka’im claimed they were wiped out. Others say that they literally went underground. Still others claimed that the Saurians used their technological might to carry them away from the Earth to some unknown destination.


With the Saurians gone, the Ka’im were the undisputed masters of the world. Having both the greatest intelligence on the planet as well as a mastery of the elements, the Ka’im had little more to gain in the physical realm. So they turned their attention to the spiritual. They believed, that just as their consciousness had been raised once before, it could be raised to a higher state called Agartha. An Agarthan Ka’im would not have his consciousness bound to just three dimensions, and could, in theory, move about time and space at will.

There were two prevailing theories on how to achieve Agartha. The first, which was held by the majority, was through the incorporation of Solar Ka. Since Solar Ka based creatures were able to evolve, perhaps it was the key to the Ka-ims’ spiritual evolution. This was called the Golden Path. Some Ka’im disagreed with this theory, believing that the key to Agartha would be found in Dark Ka. They based this theory on the fact that it was the channeling of Dark Ka that awakened the Ka’im in the first place. They were referred to as followers of the Dark Path.

ATLANTIS (500,000 BC)

While the Dark Path Ka’im left for unknown lands, the Golden Path Ka’im centered their work on the small continent of Atlantis. After observing the various Solar Ka species of the Earth, they settled upon the hominid species as the best candidates for their studies. They began to manipulate the creatures, relocating them to harsh environments, pushing them into wars with each other, all to determine who was the fittest. They settled on humans as the best suited for their needs. All other hominid species were wiped out as failures, except for Neanderthals, which were allowed to survive in case the Ka’im needed a back up plan.

The humans were relocated to Atlantis, where the Ka’im immediately declared their godhood and demanded total obedience from humanity. For many millennia, they maintained this relationship with humans. During this time, they learned it was possible to take possession of human bodies, which they called simulacra, thereby creating one being with all six elemental Ka. Although progress was slow, the Ka’im became convinced that this process was indeed the key to Agartha.


As a result of their exposure to the superior Ka’im, humanity began to evolve quickly. Although they changed little physically, they were rapidly becoming smarter, and their level of awareness and understanding of the world around them began to grow. Some Ka’im began to question the morality of treating humans like cattle, now that they were becoming self-aware. Still others suggested that the Ka’im cease to hold themselves up as gods, and instead treat the humans as equals, and work together in a mutually beneficial way.

No agreement could be reached, and things continued as they were. However, a Ka’im named Prometheus gathered 23 humans whom he regarded as the most enlightened and took them from Atlantis to a place called Eden. He told them that time had no meaning in this place, and that they could live forever here. But he also warned them, that a great truth was being kept from their people that could change their entire perception of the world around them. He presented the 23 with two trees. Eat from the Tree of Life, and they could exist here forever, being immortal like their Ka’im masters and free from their control, but remain ignorant of the truth. Eat from the Tree of Knowledge and learn of the deception that enslaves their people, but be returned home to their mortal world.

All but one of the 23 chose to eat of the Tree of Life. A woman named Eve chose to eat for the Tree of Knowledge. She learned the truth, that the Ka’im were not gods who were entitled to the subjugation of humanity. While they did possess great power over the elements, they were no more entitled to claim mastery of the Earth than humanity. The Ka’ims’ interest in humanity was solely as test subjects in their great search for Agartha.

Forbidden by Prometheus to share this information directly with the others, she was given one chance to convince the others to change their minds to eat from the Tree of Knowledge. She succeeded in convincing one person, a man named Adam. He ate from the tree and knew as she did. As promised, they were returned to Atlantis and no mortal has been allowed to return to Eden since.

REBELLION (200,000 BC)

Though only two people possessed the truth, once returned home, Prometheus had no power over them. They told all who would listen, which at first was only a few, but a few turned to many, and many turned to thousands. Some were willing to continue to work with the Ka’im, but many were angry at the deception that they had lived under and demanded justice. Soon, there was outright rebellion and all out hostilities. The Ka’im were forced to release the humans from Atlantis, in order to keep the cooperation of the few humans that remained loyal.

The Ka’im then unleashed the Neanderthals on humanity, hoping that the physically superior Neanderthals would cause such problems for humans, that humans would be forced to beg the Ka’im for help and guidance. But the human’s intelligence and reason proved greater than the Neanderthal’s strength and toughness. Led by a group calling themselves the Promethean Brotherhood, the humans were victorious over the Neanderthals. The plan actually backfired as the Neanderthal threat forced the humans, who previously lived in family groups, to come together and form defensive tribes. These tribes would become the roots of the first human civilizations. The Ka’im realized that they would have to deal with the problem personally and declared all out war with the humans.


The war was clearly one sided. The mortal humans and their frail physical forms were no match for immortal Ka’im, who roamed the earth in bodies of stone and fire and could summon storms and earthquakes on a whim. Humanity seemed doomed.

There is much debate over what happened next. Some say it was a purely random event. Some say it was an act of revenge by the Saurians. Still others claim it was retribution by true gods who were punishing the Ka’im for their audacity. From the heavens, a giant comet slammed into the Earth, striking in the Atlantic, destroying the island of Atlantis in an instant. All the Ka’im who were in Atlantis at the time, which was most of them, were instantly wiped out. Further more, the comet brought with it a new form of Ka called Orichalka, which rolled over the Earth in a gigantic shockwave. Orichalka was destructive to the five elements of the Ka’im. Most of the Ka’im that were not in Atlantis were destroyed in an instant when caught in the Orichalka shockwave.

THE FALLEN (75,000 BC)

In the aftermath of the cataclysm, the world had changed. The five elemental Ka were forever weakened. The Ka’im lost their ability to control the elements including the ability to create their own physical forms. Possessing humans became their only way to have a physical body. When a new nexus would surge, an even less common event after the cataclysm, a new form of Ka’im would be born. This new generation was weaker than the Ka’im, and who also had no ability to control the elements and had to possess humans to interact with the physical world. Even worse, they were not immortal. If their simulacrum died, their Ka separated and they ceased to be. These new Ka’im were called Nephilim, which means “The Fallen.”

In this new world, humans had the advantage. Although the bodies of those possessed by Nephilim and Ka’im were super-human in many aspects, the Nephilim were simply too far out numbered to defend against humanity. For the first time, Nephilim and Ka’im feared for their future.

STASIS (50,000 BC)

The Nephilim had one advantage over their older brethren. Being born into the world post-cataclysm, they were more eager to adapt. They began to study a new form of elemental control called Sorcery. It was a ritualized way to recreate the old powers of the Ka’im. It was in the course of this study that the Stasis was invented. A stasis was an object partially made of the metal Litharge, which could be bound to a Nephilim. This stasis would allow a Nephilim to exist outside a simulacrum for a brief time to find a new body. This effectively made the Nephilim immortal like their older brethren, as they could jump from body to body. The down side of the stasis is that it worked like a magnet, holding the Nephilim’s Ka together. But it worked too well, and would occasionally draw the Nephilim into the stasis. Despite that problem, the development gave a huge advantage to the Nephilim. The war quickly swung back in their favor.


Humanity was again on the defense, and the Nephilim saw a chance to potentially recreate the world of the Ka’im. But then the humans traded in their stone weapons for those made of hammered copper. At first the Nephilim thought this odd, as copper is weaker than stone and harder to find. But soon they understood all too well. The humans had learned that when the Orichalka rolled over the Earth, various metal ore deposits around the world, especially those of copper and iron, absorbed it. Tribes who became known as the Orichalka Men, learned to energize this Orichalka in the metal weapons they crafted. These weapons were destructive to the Nephilim’s Ka. The tide of war changed again. The advantage was now with humanity, and they pushed hard to wipe out the last of the Nephilim.


When all seemed lost for the Nephilim, their long lost brethren, the Ka’im that chose to follow the Dark Path, and not been heard from in countless ages, returned. These Ka’im called them selves the Selenim. Like the Nephilim, they possessed bodies of superhuman capability, but were far tougher. They could survive the most mortal of wounds, but more importantly, they were immune to the destructive power of Orichalka. They joined the Nephilim in battle, and quickly turned the tide of battle.

But the Nephilim’s joy was short lived. They soon realized that the Selenim were different from them in other ways. The Selenim reveled in carnage, seeming to enjoy war more for the bloodshed then achieving any tactical goals. Furthermore, to maintain their physical forms, the Selenim needed to consume the flesh and/or blood of the living. In their quest to infuse themselves with Dark Ka, they had become bestial shadows of their former selves. The Nephilim feared that once the humans were defeated, the Selenim would turn on them, and the Nephilim were too weak to stop them.


The Nephilim and humanity knew that they each could not defeat the Selenim alone. So in a twist of fate, the two long warring factions united against the new enemy. Working together, they were able to drive the Selenim back into their distant lands.

When the dust of war had settled, the Nephilim and humans knew that neither could survive continuing hostilities. It was then that the two formed the Great Compromise. As part of the agreement, the Nephilim would accept the fact that their time as the dominant species on the Earth was over. The world now belonged to humanity. Humans, on the other side, would put down their Orichalka weapons and cease hunting Nephilim. The Nephilim who remained would be allowed to possess humans in order to continue their search for Agartha, as long as they did not openly seek positions of power with in the human civilizations.

The Great Compromise worked. The Nephilim avoided revealing themselves to humans, preferring to live among them in secret and in peace. By the time that recorded human history began, some 5,000 years later, the very existence of the Nephilim was forgotten by most.


Not all humans forgot though. Several off shoot groups of the Promethean Brotherhood made sure to pass the true history of the world down through the generations. Two prominent groups were the Sarmoung Brotherhood, a group who wished to continue the cooperative explorations and studies by humans and Nephilim, and the Order of the Black Star. The Black Star swore to prevent the Nephilim from ever returning to power and have been known to take militant action against Nephilim who break the Compromise. Some members of the Order also fear the Nephilim succeeding in their quest for Agartha, for an Agarthan Nephilim would be too strong for them to deal with.

Now the Nephilim continue their quest for Agartha, and their studies of sorcery, while avoiding the eyes of the Order and other hostile factions.


In northern Africa, many of the remaining Ka’im and some Nephilim started cults that worshiped them as gods. Unlike the days of old, this time they worked individually, and mostly for the benefit of their human followers. They taught their followers agriculture and how to grind and cook grasses. These successful cults grew into large tribes that would eventually become the cities of the early Egyptian kingdoms.


Similar to what was happening in northern Africa, many Nephilim began to pose as Priest Kings in an attempt to organize and advance human civilization. However, their close proximity to the lands of the Orichalka men resulted in constant conflicts between the two groups as they competed for control over the early human cities. It was around this time that the art of copper working escaped the exclusive control of the Orichalka men and became common knowledge amongst all human tribes.


In Egypt, the Black Star was all but driven out of Egypt. A unique system was established in which the Pharaohs were Nephilim whose guidance and wisdom would guide the empire to greatness. The priesthood, however, which held considerable sway over the people, was forbidden of Nephilim and under the control of a group called the Pharonic Brotherhood. This way a balance of power was maintained, and as a result, Egypt flourished into a great empire that would last for 3,000 years.


Up to this point, the powers in Mesopotamia remained in balance between humans and Nephilim, constantly shifting through small conflicts. After being driven from Egypt however, the Black Star began to concentrate their efforts on the Fertile Crescent. In the War of Five Armies, most of the Nephilim still in power were driven from the region placing it firmly in human control. Rumors stirred that a Selenim from the East named the Undying King had been awakened and was growing in power.


Seeking revenge for the actions of the Black Star, including the destruction the Spirit Ka’im Esmerelda, the Fire Ka’im Zaderan seeks the Agarthan Ka’im Enlil, and learns from him the Creation Gate spells of Fire and Water. Zaderan uses the creation Gate of Water to flood Mesopotamia and destroy its cities and kill its people. The only surviving mortals are Utnapishtim and his family, who were warned by the Agarthan Ka’im Enki of the impending doom. During the rebuilding that follows, many Nephilim again take positions of power in the region. Enlil is forced to hide from the wrath of Adonai for revealing the Creation Gate spells. Enki leads Utnapishtim to the Tree of Life were he is allowed to live eternally. Zateran had his Water Ka destroyed in the casting and was forced into Sekmet.


Gilgamesh was the fifth King of Uruk after the rebuilding. Both of his parents were Nephilim, who refused to let their son be Incarnated. Being a mortal born of immortals, he became obsessed with gaining immortality. He sought out Utnapishtim and found him in his home near a gateway to the Tree of Life. Utnapishtim gave Gilgamesh two chances to win his immortality, but Gilgamesh failed them both. He returned to Uruk where he realized his immortality lay within the legacy he left. He built Uruk into a great city that the other city-states looked to for guidance. When the Undying King came from the east to conquer Mesopotamia, Gilgamesh was able to organize the city-states of the region into a unified defense that sent the Undying King fleeing back into the east.


The Nephilim Imhotep becomes chief architect, surgeon, and magician, and advisor to Pharaoh Djoser. When tasked to design a new type of tomb for his Pharaoh, he constructs the first pyramids. The Pharonic Brotherhood fears that this new design serves a greater purpose than merely housing the dead. These constructs seem to have the ability to warp the very magic fields around them. Despite their misgiving, the design becomes the primary form of royal tomb for the next 1100 years.


Sargon, a brilliant military strategist and Black Star sorcerer founds the city of Akkad. There he amasses Orichalka weapons and creates an army to conquer Mesopotamia. Several years later he is successful and the Akkadian Empire is born. The region is now firmly under control of the Order of the Black Star. It is during this time that the Undying King makes another attempt to conquer the region. Thinking it would be easier now with the Nephilim out of power, he is surprised to find the human armies of the Akkadian Empire are up to the task of repelling him again.


The children of Sargon are less gifted than he was in maintaining an empire. Their incompetence, along with infiltration and sabotage by the Nephilim Ervanzo and Besini, result in the eventual collapse of the Empire. The region reverts to independent city-states. Over time many small empires would come and go, but neither side would dominate the region for any significant length of time.


In Mesopotamia, worshippers of the Demon-lord Baalzog, worshippers of Tiamat, and Nephilim who would eventually become the Devil Arcanum, attempted to create a massive gate south of the Dead Sea in order to bring Baalzog into the world. Their plan was foiled by the Ka’im Zaderan, who opened the Creation Gate of Fire in order to destroy the demon gate. The resulting rain of fire killed Zaderan and leveled the cities of Sodom, Gomorrah, and several smaller neighboring cities.


Pharaoh Amenhotep IV came to power in Egypt in 1346 BC. He immediately became a thorn in the side of the Cult of Amun, which was the public front of the Pharonic Brotherhood. When they tried to apply too much control over him, he began a campaign to undermine them. His primary method was to create his own monotheistic religion, known as Aten worship. He encouraged worship of Aten to the exclusion of all other gods, which weakened the influence that the Brotherhood had over the people. This was in clear violation of the Pact of Menes. He even changed his name to Akhenaten, and built a new capitol city called Akhetaten. Once this city was established, Akhenaten’s true intensions were revealed. He established the 22 Arcana. Each Arcanum represented a way to approach the Golden Path. Nephilim began to congregate in numbers not seen since Atlantis. Ultimately, Akhenaten overstepped his bounds, and overestimated both the support of his people and the unity of the Nephilim. A massive civil war in 1334 BC ended his reign, his life, and Aten worship. The Pact of Menes was restored and the Nephilim scattered. However, the Arcana had been established, and would guide the Nephilim throughout history.


The Nephilim who had possessed Heracles after the fall of Tarshish was obsessed with restoring the strength of Atlantis, despite the lessons learned in Egypt. It performed many great feats in search of power and magic, which later became known as the Labors of Heracles. A human leader, Jason, joins Heracles to travel to the Tomb of Prometheus, where his wisdom was said to be inscribed upon a Golden Fleece. Jason and Heracles recover the Fleece, but quarrel about its proper use and purpose. Jason escapes with the Fleece, but cannot read or use it. When he is killed by an unknown assassin, the Fleece vanishes. The exact nature of the Fleece is unknown, with some speculating that it is actually the lost Golden Tablets of Akhenaten. A Secret Society calling themselves the Knights of the Golden Fleece continue to search for it.


A dissident Nephilim, Eris, established a cult of humans with the purpose of dissolving all Nephilim plans into the original Chaos from whence they sprang. One group of Nephilim based in Mykenae, Greece, falls victim to Eris’ scheme, which involves tricking them into fighting over a powerful magical artifact. When the artifact is taken to Troy by one faction of the Nephilim, the others attack, and the resulting ten-year war destroys Nephilim power in Greece for five hundred years. Eris survives and moves on to continually sow discord in the ranks of its fellow Nephilim.


By 1000 BC, the Thebian Priesthood was once more totally dominated by Nephilim, who ruled Egypt as any other priestly kingdom. Twelve officers of the Egyptian Army resent this state of affairs and begin to conspire against the priesthood. They discover the nature of the Nephilim and of the 22 Arcana and resolve to steal the secrets of the Arcana and make themselves masters of Egypt and eventually the world. Their plot is discovered and they are driven into exile. They hide in the kingdom of Israel, using their knowledge of secret geometry to help build Solomon’s Temple. From this Temple, they call themselves the Knights of the Temple and start an organization of spies known as the Brotherhood of the Temple. They resolve to formulate the Great Plan that will result in their total mystical and mundane dominion over the world.


While the Nephilim focus their attention on Ibnath in regards to the activities of the Selenim, the Selenim’s real power grows on the other side of the world. They emerge in Mexico and force the humans living there to erect mighty Pyramid Sarcophagi to focus their dark powers. First the Olmecs, later the Zapotecs, Toltecs, Maya, and Aztecs will all succumb to the Selenim demand of “Blood or Destruction.”


Orpheus, a Nephilim ally of Jason, reincarnates, and begins attempting to rediscover the Golden Fleece. Orpheus creates an initiatory sect of humans combining shamanic possessions, priest-king attributes, and Rosicrucian magics. These “mysteries” inspire other Nephilim to follow the pattern and a new way of Human-Nephilim interaction is born. These mystery cults will last for almost a millennium before the Nephilim give up an try a new tactic.


After years of Assyrian Orichalka Men blindly digging up any magic they can find to fight the Nephilim, enough Selenim are inadvertently awakened that the fires of Ibnath burn again. Even after Azalandar crushes the Assyrians as he builds the Babylonian Empire, the Selenim continue to thrive in the Dark City. Two Nephilim, Zoroaster and Mitra, join forces to develop a new vision of the Golden Path. They seek to inspire humans and Nephilim alike to destroy the Selenim. Zoroaster helps create the Median Empire with the help of Strength, but looses control of the kingdom to the Emperor. The true threat comes not from Arukashu, the Master of Ibnath, but another Selenim named Arhiman, who seeks to master the dark powers of Necromancy. Arhiman’s plan to gain access to the Library of Celeano is foiled by a joint effort between Nephilim and the Mithradites, warrior-priests created by an alliance of the Sun, Strength, and MagicianArcana. In 540 BC, Ibnath is destroyed once and for all by a Mithradite army called The Immortals.


Alexander the Great is one of a rare breed of human whose spirit, will, and ability is so enormous, that he dwarfs even the Nephilim. The Nephilim in Greece inspire him to invade Persia, to shatter the hold the Emperor, Sun, and Justice Arcana have on the center of the world. However, he does more than that. He builds a great center for human science and learning at Alexandria and orders the collection of all known works of magic and learning be placed in the Great Library. He makes himself master of the world, expanding into India and drawing upon its wisdom to counter the Nephilim and the Mithradites. However, before he can move on to the west and conquer Tarshish, he is poisoned. Most believe he was either killed by the Black Star or by the Sisters of Isis. Having amassed so much power, however, any Arcanum or secret society may have been responsible.


Around 6 BC, a child is born in Judea. To some humans, he is the Son of God. To others, he is merely a great teacher or magician. To most Nephilim, he is the Zero Trump, the first Nephilim to be incarnated into an unborn fetus. In 26 AD, he is turned over to the Roman government of Judea by the religious authorities and crucified as a rebel. The official Nephilim version of the story, as told by the Wheel of Fortune, is that the Temple Brotherhood or one of their puppet groups killed him with an Orichalka spear. Others are not so sure he was a Nephilim. He possessed the powers of an Agarthan Nephilim, yet lived a life and taught a message that was very human. His nature has been debated ever since.


The Temple of Jerusalem is destroyed in the aftermath of a failed Jewish revolt against Rome. Many Jewish magicians begin to search for inner truths behind the ones of religion and politics. These magicians, working with texts saved from the Temple archives, soon develop a mystical understanding of the fields of magic and the beings that dwell in them. A Nephilim named Simeon bar Yokkai compiles these insights and adds his own revelations in a work, which evolves for almost 70 years. The text reaches its final form as the Zohar, or Book of Splendors. The Zohar is the basis for Summoning as well as the mystical discipline of Kabala.


Magicians attempting to develop magical techniques using Litharge and other mystical substances begin to develop spells centering on the fundamental mutability and impermanence of matter. Sensing a correspondence between the evolution of metals from lead to gold and the progress of Nephilim along the Golden Path, these magicians create the beginnings of Alchemy. It is unknown if any of these early Alexandrian Alchemists were Nephilim.


In an attempt to solidify his empire, Constantine, an Emperor Nephilim, calls a conclave of Christian leaders at Nicaea to dictate the form of their religion and its role in buttressing his empire. It is successful in creating a Christian Order with the help of the Hierophant Arcanum. However, the early church is heavily infiltrated by the Temple Brotherhood, who steer church doctrine to condemn the study of the occult. Human and Nephilim magicians are forced to practice their magic in secret lest they be branded heretics. Rarely do magicians gather in numbers after this, to avoid being discovered.


The Prieure de Sion, originally a Temple Brotherhood off shoot, now actively works against its parent organization. Its original act of defiance is to steal away the last in the bloodline of Jesus of Nazareth. Seeing the growing power and influence of the Temple Brotherhood, the Prieure attempts to establish its own kingdom in Britain. They choose a cavalry leader named Arthur and gift him with the Holy Grail, a powerful artifact, and declare him King of the Britains. A Magician Nephilim uses Summoning and Alchemy magic to forge Arthur’s sword Excalibur. The kingdom is a success for many years until it is undermined when a group calling themselves the Judas Brotherhood steals the Grail. Arthur sends his most trusted knights on a quest for the Grail, but it is never recovered. In an act of desperation, the Prieure allow an Emperor Nephilim to incarnate into Arthur, but even under his guidance the kingdom eventually falls to barbarians.


The library had been a huge success as the greatest accumulation of occult knowledge ever assembled. It had survived numerous thefts and attacks over the centuries, primarily by agents of the Temple Brotherhood. However, it was at the hands of Moslems, that the library suffered its greatest destruction. It was never again rebuilt. Rumors persist that many of the most important texts were smuggled out prior to the attack.


Throughout the Eight Century, a family dynasty known as the Carolingians grow in power. They are occult-trained and have little tolerance for Nephilim. Their power peaks when Charlemagne is crowned as head of the Holy Roman Empire. He forms a secret society called the Holy Vehm whose sole purpose is to hunt down and destroy Nephilim. Initially, the only balance to his power is the Catholic Church, which at this time is under the control of Hierophant Nephilim. The Temple Brotherhood must also see Charlemagne as a threat as they support the Hierophant’s efforts, which is the first time that they have ever cooperated with Nephilim.


A group of Nephilim is active in Bagdad, the capitol of the Muslim World. The Magician, Lover, and Sun Arcana work together to discover new mystical and magical methods. Lover Nephilim such as Junayd, develop the Sufi cults of Islamic mysticism, along side magician Nephilim such as Rhazes and other alchemists. The Sarmoung Brotherhood enjoys a period of resurgence as its texts are again consulted by powerful Nephilim. In the chaos of the Turkish invasions of the next century, however, the new knowledge is scattered.


A powerful Order of the Black Star sorcerer, Gerbert of Aurillac, discovers the mystically powerful Brazen Head and resolves to use his alchemical genius and this artifact to destroy all Nephilim during the Great Enthronement of 1004. His secret band of human sorcerers, the Cult of the Head, create the first Homunculi to use in the rituals that will subject all Nephilim to the will of Gerbert. The cult is broken up by Nephilim living as catholic priests. Some Cult members join the Temple Brotherhood and the Brotherhood learns that the Nephilim are more vulnerable then they thought.


To carry out the Great Plan, the Temple Brotherhood, which to this point has always worked through other Secret Societies, realizes an opportunity to gain great political power during the Crusades. Members of the Brotherhood form the Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon. These Knights Templar quickly become the preeminent military, and more importantly, economic power in Europe. Their commanderies, treasuries, and castles soon cover all of Europe and the Holy Land, their agents are welcome in all royal courts and they reassume their ancient power base in Solomon’s Temple.


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Daniken, Eric Von – THE GOLD OF THE GODS, 1972, Bantam Books, NY., 1973: Hundreds of miles of ancient tunnel and cave systems beneath the surface of Ecuador and Peru, discovered by Juan Moricz, an Argentinian ethnologist.
Danske, Holger – Writings of, concerning his visit to the interior of Germany‘sUntersberg Mountain.
Davidson, Cherrie – Letter in THE HOLLOW HASSLE, Vol. 1 – No. 3: Discovery by a man named “Bones” of  ancient subterranean tunnel containing prehistoric remains of giant Lemurians in southwest Nevada. (Also see: Carson, Will)
Davidson, Leon – Letter in FLYING SAUCERS magazine, referring to “underground tunnels in the California desert, at Camp Irwin, near Barstow.”
Davis, Mary – (See: LeVesque, Mary; & Martin, Mary)
Davy, Sir Humphrey – Writings concerning his theory, based on certain scientific indications, that the earth’s center is not hot.
Day-Ga-Chee – (See: Millet, Clair)
DeCamp, L. Sprague
   — LOST CONTINENTS., Dover Publishing Inc., NY., 1954, p. 8: The legend of Euenon and Leukippe, reputedly the two original ancestors of the Atlantean race, who legend says… “sprung from the earth…”
   — (& Willy Ley) – FROM ATLANTIS TO ELDORADO: References to the ‘Symmes’ theory of the hollow earth.
   — LANDS BEYOND., Rinehart & Co. Inc., NY., 1952: Legends and stories regarding Mt. Shasta in northern California.
DeCourcy, John & Dorothy – Letter in AMAZING STORIES magazine, Dec. 1946, p. 173:  The “Man from Agharti” – an emissary from the subterranean kingdom of Agharti, who brings a message from the ‘King of the World’ to the authors, John & Dorothy DeCourcy.
DeGafferelly – THE UNDERGROUND WORLD., 1654: Underground residents, underground “towns”, etc.
Denton, William & Elizabeth M.F., – THE SOUL OF THINGS (or, PSYCHO-METRIC RESEARCH AND DISCOVERIES)., Denton Pub. Co., Wellesley, MA., 3 vols., 1886: Alleged psychometric (or clairvoyant-astral) travels and explorations of subterranean regions and warm Polar countries – and their inhabitants.
Derr, John S., (see: Story, Ronald)
Derry, Francois – THE EARTH IS ALIVE., Arlington Books, London, 1968., & other editions by Planete Co., Paris: Chapter: FANTASTIC EARTH(S)., pp. 59-65: Material concerning the Inner Earth.
Devanda – UFO AND THE BLACK LODGE., Article in SEARCH magazine, April 1958, pp. 46-51: A secret society composed of negative entities who in ancient times retreated into caverns below the surface of the earth.
Deyo, Stan – THE COSMIC CONSPIRACY., p. 57: Ninety-six secret ‘underground cities’ built by the government to be used for the refuge of officials and bureaucrats in the event of a natural disaster or a nuclear attack.
Dickhoff, Robert E., – AGHARTA., Fieldcrest Publishers; Reprint by ‘Health Research’: The warring Martian and Venusian ‘gods’ of ancient times and their prehistoric cities and tunnel systems which they constructed beneath the earth’s surface. The ‘serpents’, an evil race, many of which lie in suspended animation beneath the ice and snow of Antarctica. (Also see: Girvin, Calvin; &
Dick, William – ADVENTURERS BATTLE CAVE TRIBE ON WAY TO ‘CENTER OF THE EARTH’., Article in the NATIONAL EXAMINER, April 13 1982. The progress of cave explorers in their attempts to set a new world depth record in one of Mexico’s largest cavern systems, and superstitious native ‘tribes’ in the area who are determined to stop them. (Also see: Jordon, Jay)
Dixon, Roland B., – OCEANIC MYTHOLOGY., p. 168: Native Australian traditions that their ancestors “came up out of the ground” and traveled about the country and created new tribes, then “ultimately journeyed away beyond the confines of their territory, or went down into the ground again.”
Doerr, Paul – UNKNOWN Newsletter (no longer published)., Issue No. 6: A subterranean race of giants which, according to native traditions of the Carolines, especially Papua, went underground in ancient times. Once inhabitants of the lost continent of “Chamat” – they will, according to tradition, one day “emerge and remake the world.” This legend is spread widely throughout Malaysia. The same issue also reports on the discovery of massive caverns in Tuolumne Co., CA, by three Oakland miners. The caverns were so extensive that a man would have to “take grub for a week, and plan to explore for a month.”
Doreal, Maurice
   — THE BANNER OF SHAMBHALA., Brotherhood of the White Temple (B.W.T.)., Little Temple Library Ed., circa 1948., 17 pp.
   — MYSTERIES OF MOUNT SHASTA., B.W.T., Little Temple Library., 1949., 19 pp.
   — MYSTERIES OF THE GOBI., B.W.T., Little Temple Library: Shambhala, a hidden kingdom located below the Gobi desert.
   — POLAR PARADISE., B.W.T., Little Temple Library., 1949., 21 pp.
   — SHAMBHALA: or THE GREAT WHITE LODGE; B.W.T., Little Temple Library., 1949., 20 pp.: Doreal’s visit to the ‘Great White Lodge’, located beneath the surface of the Earth.
   — THE INNER EARTH., B.W.T., Little Temple Library., 21 pp.
   — THE INNER EARTH., Chapter in THE SUBTERRANEAN WORLD, by Timothy Green Beckley (ed. by)., Gray Barker Books: The Inner Earth and subterranean life as it was taught to Doreal by the so-called ‘masters of ancient wisdom’.
Donnelly, Ignatius – THE DESTRUCTION OF ATLANTIS, RAGNAROCK: THE AGE OF FIRE AND GRAVEL., Steiner Books., Blauvelt, NY., 1971 Ed., Chapt. 7: Various worldwide beliefs in subterranean life, native emergence legends, etc.
Douglas, Mary S., – EVERGLADES SEA OF GRASS., Rinehart & Co., NY., 1974., 501 pp.: Information relating to the Inner Earth.
Drake, Eugene – VISITORS FROM SPACE., Ventla Verlag, Wiesbaden, W. Germany., 1961., p. 44: The author’s belief in three types on Inner Earth races: the Rainbow People, some degenerate races, and an old civilization below Mexico.
Drake, W.R.
   — GODS AND SPACEMEN IN THE ANCIENT WEST., N.A.L. Co., 1974., p. 145: The caverns of ‘Agharti’ and caverns beneath the Slavic lands.
   — THE GREEN PEOPLE., Article in SEARCH magazine, Winter 1979-1980: The “green children of wolf-pits” and the “green children of Spain” who were seen to emerge, more than 700 years apart, from subterranean lands “without sun, and dimmed by perpetual twilight”. (Also see: Beckley, Timothy Green – THE SHAVER MYSTERY AND THE INNER EARTH; & Trench, Brinsley le Poer – SECRET OF THE AGES)
Driggers, Bruce – Letter in Ray Palmer’s FLYING SAUCERS magazine., June 1976: Describes a thesis he wrote on the Hollow Earth.
Duplantier, Gene – SUBTERRANEAN WORLDS OF PLANET EARTH., SS&S Publications: Accounts of encounters with the underworld and its inhabitants, including chapters by Richard S. Shaver and other Inner Earth researchers.
Duverus, Edward D. – Letter in HIDDEN WORLD magazine, Winter 1962: Three underground cities, each located beneath deserts and entered through nearby mountains, inhabited by beings neither totally evil or saintly, and who are able to blend with surface society like chameleons, virtually undetectable except for the lack of color in the irises of their eyes.
DYZAN, BOOK OF (author unknown) – Speaks of “superior beings of dazzling aspect” who abandoned the surface of the earth, depriving the ‘impure’ human race of their knowledge, leaving in flying craft to rejoin their land “of iron and metal.”

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EARTH’S CRUST IS JUST A MILE THICK IN SPOT ON FLOOR OF ATLANTIC, EXPERTS BELIEVE – Article in the ARIZONA REPUBLIC., Dec. 2 1981: Discovery of an area in the mid-Atlantic Oceanic Ridge between South America and Africa where the earth’s crust is thinnest.
Eavis, A.J., Ed. by – CAVES OF MULU 1980: THE LIMESTONE CAVES OF THE GUNUNG MULU NATIONAL PARK, SARAWAK., Royal Geographical Society., London; also: CI Books., Calgary, Alberta, Canada. The discovery of the world’s largest known (at the time) surveyed cavern chamber (approx. 230 ft. wide and 980 ft. long, and nowhere less than 270 ft. high, large enough to easily hold within itself the two previous contenders for the world’s largest cavern chamber:  Carlsbad’s ‘Big Room’ and the ‘Salle de la Verna’ in the Pierre Saint-Martin. Yankee Stadium could also fit in one end. Sarawak is a part of the nation of Malaysia on the island of Borneo.
Edrehi, Rev. Dr. M. – THE TEN TRIBES., London, 1852: The unknown history of the Lost Tribes of Israel after they were taken into captivity, and their migration and disappearance to the ‘north’.
Eichorn, Arthur F. – THE MOUNT SHASTA STORY., Forbes & Co., Chicago, IL., 1957: The history of Mt. Shasta in northern California, and the legends and stories of ancient ‘Lemurians’ who are said to reside in its interior. Other strange occurrences and phenomena associated with the mountain are described.
Eliade, Mircea – ZALMOXIS, THE VANISHING GOD., Univ. of Chicago Press., 1959; pp. 24-30: ‘Thracian’ and ‘Dacian’ legends of the underground chambers of Andreon, occupied by the ancient so-called ‘god’ Zalmoxis.
Elvers, Gary., Ed. by – HESPRS BULLETIN., Hollow Earth – Saucer & Phenomena Research Society., Logansport, IN.: Nine bulletins published, beginning with No. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 1971): Contains information on the Hollow Earth, and UFOlogy.
Emerson, Ellen R. – INDIAN MYTHS: Native Cuban belief that their ancestors emerged in ancient times from two caves in a mountain on their island.
Emerson, Willis George – THE SMOKY GOD., 1968. Reprint by Palmer Publications., Amherst, WI., illus.: Olaf  Jansen, a Norwegian fisherman, and his father, enter an interior world through an opening near the North Pole, where a highly advanced race of giant humans who spoke a language similar to ancient Sanskrit live. They stayed with these remarkable people for nearly two years before returning to the outer world through a similar opening near the South Pole.
Etter,  Francis R. – Letter in SEARCH magazine., Sept. 1960; pp. 50-52: Refers to an article in THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY (date uncertain), written by Dr. William Beebe (an oceanographer who disappeared under strange circumstances), in which he expressed his belief in “…the coming invasion of the [surface of] earth by an underground race.”
ENTOMBED MINERS STAIRCASE TO HEAVEN, THE; by Bill Schimeer; Article in FATE magazine, March 1965, pp. 28-37. The experiences of miners Henry Throne and David Fellin in a mine in Sheppton, Pennsylvania. (Also see: Calais, Ronald A., & Schimeer, Bill)
Euler, Leonard – 1707-1783. Euler was a famous Swiss physicist who was one of the most prominent mathematicians of his time, being the founder of the ‘calculus of variations’, the inventor of ‘binary logarithms’, and the third person in relatively modern times known to have advanced the theory of a hollow earth. Although he succeeded the scientists Halley and Mather, Euler was the first theorist to imagine the earth as w hollow globe devoid of additional “concentric spheres” as Symmes theorized, and theorized that the go-concavitic interior of the earth contained a single interior “sun” or luminescent orb at the exact center — some believing this to be a focal-point of auroral or electro-magnetic energies — which is now the most widely accepted of all ‘Hollow Earth’ theories today.
Evans, Hilary – UFO’S: THE GREATEST MYSTERY., Chartwell Books, Hong Kong., 1979; pp. 82-83: The Hollow Earth theory and the idea that UFOs originate from a subterranean world. German UFOlogist August Worner’s belief that UFOs come from bases deep below the earth’s surface, many of them emerging from beneath the mountains of Tibet.
Evans, Hilary & Michael Piccin. UFO ABDUCTION IN FRANCE – WHO TOOK WHO FOR A RIDE? Article in FATE magazine, Oct. 1982; pp. 51-58 (pp. 56-57 esp.): Describes the “Cergy-Pontaise” abduction case in Pontaise, France, and Jean-Pierre Prevost’s tour of an underground UFO base at Bourg-de-Sirod in the Jura mountains, inhabited by aliens calling themselves the “Intelligences from Beyond.” He observed their craft and installations within the mountains, and the tunnel-entrance to the base which is protected by an “illusionary rock-like screen.”
Evans, John – ARE THERE SUPERMEN IN A LOST WORLD? Article in WEEKEND (British periodical), May 19-25 1982. p. 7: Hitler’s belief in a super race living beneath the earth, based on E. Bulwer Lytton’s book THE COMING RACE. Also, other related subjects which appear in THE LOST WORLD OF AGHARTI, by Alec MacLellan.
Everett, Eldon E. – THE DUPUIS PAPERS. Article in SHAVERTRON news-magazine (see: ), issue No. 2: Reports on the discovery of unexplored tunnels beneath the city of Tacoma, Washington as it appeared in a 1400-word-document titled “THE MYSTERIOUS CHINESE CAVES” – filed with the Washington State Historical Society.

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FAIL TO EXPLORE HAUNTED MINE – Article in THE NEW YORK HERALD., Jan. 4 1902; p. 8;  reprinted with comments of Gary Mangiacobra & Lucius Farish in THE HOLLOW HASSLE newsletter, May 1981: A strange and ancient “mine” near Alpine, Texas, from which strange forces and phenomena have resisted all efforts of exploration.
FANTASTIC Magazine – July 1956 (‘Shaver Mystery’ issue): Stories by Richard S. Shaver, and material both for and against Shaver’s contention that the earth is hollow, and containing vast caverns and two warring races of subterranean beings descended from the ancients, the good “Tero’s” and the evil “Dero’s”.
Farish, Lucius – SECRETS OF THE OLD ONES: CONTACT ON MOUNT SHASTA – Article in ANCIENT ASTRONAUTS magazine, May 1977: One man’s contact with the “Old Ones” – an ancient of technologically advanced humans who live in underground cities 30 miles beneath the earth’s surface.
Farmer, Doland – SUBTERRANEAN SASQUATCH IN THE SHAWANGUNKS. Article reprinted in THE HOLLOW HASSLE newsletter, May 1982: The origin of Bigfoot from a subterranean world.
FAR OUT magazine., April 1982 – Article: BOTTOMLESS PIT FOUND ON THE OCEAN’S FLOOR: Huge openings in the ocean floor between Panama and the Gilapagos islands, which scientists say recieve a constant flow of ocean water which is being sucked through the hole and into the crust beneath the ocean floor.
FATE Magazine
   — July, 1954. pp. 7-8: Discovery of an ancient tunnel system 8,500 feet below the surface of the earth, broken into and explored by miners in the Lion Coal Corporation’s Wattis Mine in Wattis, Utah.
   — Nov. 1954. p. 52:  A French Jesuit priest, while exploring a subterranean lake in the San Pedro Cavern in Mt. Illampu (just east of Lake Titicaca in Bolivia-Peru) finds a tunnel-trail underground which is barred by an enormous gate of wrought iron which he cannot penetrate.
   — Sept. 1956. pp. 8-9: Alfred Scadding of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, the sole survivor of the famous 1936 Moose River Mine disaster, confesses to George Bryant of the TORONTO DAILY STAR, that just minutes before the cave-in, he saw strange lights and heard the sounds of “shouting and laughter, as of ‘little people’ having fun … like children playing in the distance.”
   — Jan. 1957. p. 10: Report on a 145-foot-deep hole drilled on the property of Mr. and Mrs. Earl Meeks, seven miles from Douglas, Georgia, through which a constant flow of air was mysteriously drawn inward and sounds resembling “something like an underground railway” were heard. Sometimes the sounds were so loud that the Meeks covered the opening with planks so it would not keep them awake at night.
   — Nov. 1958. p. 71: The mysterious disappearance of two young workers in a coal mine three miles east of Pikeville, Kentucky.
   — Jan. 1975: An ancient satin-smooth black silo or crescent-shaped shaft, apparently man-made, is discovered within a cave in the Mt. Tetra region of Czechoslovakia.
   — April, 1979: Underground sanctuaries with connecting passageways near St. Augustin, Columbia, containing the statues of 300 stone giants, stone jaguars guarding underground temple entrances, and stone-lined tunnels. Believed to be an entrance to the Inner Earth, this complex is located at the headwaters of the Rio Magdalena river.
Fawcett, Brian – RUINS IN THE SKY., Hutchinson Co., London 1958: The Miraculous Grotto of Lapa (Brazil?), the largest known at the time, being a series of interconnected caves with chapels and shrines.
Fawcett. Percy H. – LOST TRAILS, LOST CITIES; Funk & Wagnells Co., NY. pp. 5-13: Records Francisco Raposo’s discovery in 1743 of a lost city west of Brazil’s Sao Francisco river, near the Roncador Mountains, where his party found great chasms so deep that when rocks were dropped into them “not a sound came up to indicate bottom…” This region near the Xingu river was reportedly Fawcett’s destination before his disappearance.
Fesandie, Clement – THROUGH THE EARTH; 1898. 237 p., reprinted by Health Research: An occult novel, based on certain legends and stories, dealing with the earth’s interior.
Fields, Ralph B. – INSIDE MOUNT LASSEN. Article in AMAZING STORIES magazine, Dec. 1946: The writer’s discovery of a tunnel leading into the interior of Mt. Lassen, California, in which he and his friend encountered a strange race of humans who resided within the interior of the earth, and who traveled through the earth on strange electronic machines left by the ‘old ones’ and resembling sled-like conveyances which hovered inches above the smooth stone underground ‘road’.
Firdausi – SHAH NAMEH (THE BOOK OF KINGS); the pre-koranic ‘bible’ of the Persian nation.  Refers to the epic hero, Rustam, who is said to have entered the heart of the Qaf mountains to vanquish a race of Giants. Also speaks of the legendary abode of the ‘Jinns’ (Jinnestans), Peries (fairies) and Deevs (giants), who are said to be “dispersed through the earth” as well.
Firestone, Clark – THE COASTS OF ILLUSION; Harper & Bros., New York 1924: The rediscovery of an old lost Russian manuscript in the 1920’s which records the journey of the Samoyeds, an old Siberian tribe, to an underground cavern-city.
Fitch, Theodore
   — “Our Paradise Inside the Earth” – Chapter in THE SUBTERRANEAN WORLD, ed. by Timothy Green Beckley., Gray Barker Books. Biblical evidence for a hollow earth.
Flammonde, Paris – THE AGE OF FLYING SAUCERS; Hawthorne Books, NY. 1971. pp. 135-137: Quotes lengthily from Ray Palmer in FLYING SAUCERS magazine, Dec. 1959, in which he argues his theories about the Hollow Earth and hidden polar openings, including the account of Admiral Byrd’s sighting of “lands beyond the pole”. On p. 137 we read how Dr. George Marlo invites Gray Barker and several show business celebrities to take a trip by flying saucer to a colony in South America where Dr. Raymond Bernard planned to escape an atomic war and explore tunnel entrances to the Inner Earth (The promised trip was ‘cancelled’ at the last minute).
FLOATING ISLANDS; Article in FATE magazine, May 1962. pp. 21-22. The discovery of ‘floating islands’ of ice covered with rocks, earth, plants and even small silt-floored lakes in the Arctic ocean. Evidence suggests that musk oxen, lemmings and other continental animals have roamed these mysterious islands. This may explain such oddities as Peary’s report of ‘Crocker land’ in 1908; a similar report by Dr. Cook in 1908, and the discovery of Takpuk island in the Beaufort Sea, which Eskimos found and photographed in 1931, but which was never seen again.
FLYING ROLL [Journal of the Borderland Sciences Research Foundation – B.S.R.F. – Formerly the Borderland Sciences Research Association, directed by Meade Layne – later directed by Riley H. Crabb., circa 1945-1946: Some issues contain Inner Earth material.
Flynn, George – SHE’S 80 AND ON THE TRAIL OF BIGFOOT; Article in THE SAN DIEGO UNION., Aug. 17, 1982: Bigfoot investigator Virginia Louise Swanson’s theories concerning the origin of Bigfoot in a series of caverns near the Santa Ysabel Indian reservation in California. She believes that these Sasquatch follow an underground river and cavern which stretches down through the state of California. (Also see: Louise, Virginia)
Fodirm, Nandor – KIDNAPED BY FAIRIES; Article in FATE magazine, July 1956 issue, pp. 82-87: Scottish and Irish accounts of people who were taken underground into “Fairyland.”
Folinsbee, J.P.
   — THE PHANTOM OF BUCK HILL CAVES., Article in CORONET magazine., June 1951. (Also see: Smith, Warren – INTO THE STRANGE)
   — Vol. 20., 1909. Folklore Society. Pp. 331-332, 398: An ancient tunnel in the Fjeld Kalken mountain, near Yule Olden, Norway which, according to rumors, runs entirely through the mountain, although no one is known to have dared to traverse its entire length. Also the story of a secret cavern in the same area that was once said to be inhabited by “underground folk” – both the cavern and tunnel are said to be closed by ancient, iron gates.
   — Vol. 28., pp. 92-93: A cave in the foothills of the Partry mountains, 12 miles east of Westport, Ireland (through which runs  a tributary of the river Aille), and within this cavern strange occurrences have taken place.
FOLLOW ME TO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH., Article in OUT OF THIS WORLD magazine., Vol. 33., reprinted in THE HOLLOW HASSLE newsletter, Vol. 1, No. 1: The Hollow Earth Mystery, and several of its early pioneer theorists are mentioned.
Folsom, Franklin – EXPLORING AMERICAN CAVES; pp. 203-204: A strange cave between Fredericksburg and Mason, Texas, called “Kiser Cave” – which, according to reports, pours out a steady stream of carbon dioxide from its mouth for no known reason. Pp. 206-207: The author also speculates that some day archeologists may discover in the U.S. or northern Mexico the entrance to the seven legendary caverns of the Aztecs… caverns far to the north of their territory in pre-Spanish Mexico, which, according to native beliefs, was the place of emergence of the ancestors of the Aztec Indian nation from the ancient subterranean world composed of the seven immense caverns. (see also: Marches, Charles A., & Brinton, D.)
Forman, Harrison – I SEE THE KING OF HELL., Article in HARPER’S magazine.,  Dec.  1934., Reprinted by Flagstaff Press, Inc., NY., Appears also in THE HIDDEN CITY OF CHIHUATLAN, by Charles A. Marches.
Fowler, Raymond E.
   — THE ANDREASSON AFFAIR., Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ., 1979: Betty Andreasson abduction by a UFO and her visit to two subterranean worlds, one red and one green, inhabited by strange creatures, and of her witnessing something that seemed to be the re-birth of an actual (legendary!?) “Phoenix” bird.
   — THE ANDREASSON AFFAIR, PHASE II., Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ., 1982: 278 pp., Chapters 6-8: Betty Andreasson’s encounter at the age of 12 with a strange “little man” who emerged from a hole in a mountain near Westminster,  England; and of a ride in a UFO – experienced later in life – to a huge cavern in which she saw a strange crystal “museum of time” and underground mountains, valleys, and enormous ‘icicles’.
Fox, William S. – GREEK AND ROMAN MYTHOLOGY; p. 143: Several caverns which, according to the ancient Greeks, were entrances leading to the underworld, including the caverns at Tainaron in Lakonia, at Troezen in Argolis, at Ephyra in Thesprotia, at Herakleia in Pontos, and Hermione in  Argolis.
Freund, Philip – MYTHS OF CREATION; pp. 131-132: Belief of the natives of the Malinowski’s Trobriand Islands that their ancestors emerged from a subterranean existence through a cavernous hole called “Obukla” near the island village of  Lana’i.
Frederick, Christof – SECRET NAZI POLAR EXPEDITIONS; Samizdat Publications.